Interconfessional relationsKazan is one of the leaders of the Russian cities by the number of nationalities and various world religions represented. Over the millennium history of the city of Kazan it has accumulated rich experience of different nationalities and religions living together, has reached interethnic harmony.
There are people of about one hundred nationalities living in Kazan at present with representatives of 8 nationalities amounting to more than 10 thousand people: there are 53% of Tatars, 40% of Russians. The remaining 7% present Chuvash, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Mordovian, Mari and Bashkir nationalities. The people inhabiting Kazan speak 110 languages.
Islam and Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and other religious denominations coexist in Kazan sharing equal rights thanks to the improvements and developments in the of relationship between the state and the religion, which is characteristic for modern history.
The religions balance is maintained by the development of the equal interest to all religions on the part of public policy, as well as respect for the rules of interfaith dialogue, a culture of tolerance in terms of the equality of all religions from the legal point of view. Such an approach resulted in adoption of the1999 Act of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Associations", which clearly identifies the position of public and religious governance defining protection of the conscience freedom of and freedom of belief. These trends have caused a scientific interest in relevant projects, which are supported by government bodies: Kazan Spiritual Seminary, Russian Islamic University, Higher Muslim Madrasah Muhammadiya, higher Muslim Madrasah named after 1000 anniversary of adopting the Islam, various Sunday schools.
Development of modern culture specifically contributes into maintenance of inter-confessional relationships: creating conditions for the conservation and enhancement of religious values and heritage of different nationalities. More than 150 communities of different religious groups such as Muslims, Orthodox Christians, Old Believers, Catholics, Judaists, Buddhist and Protestants are active in Kazan today.
Implementation of the law has improved moral climate strengthening cultural connections between East and West, which for several centuries has united Kazan. Evidencing that Kazan was recognized to be the best city of Russia in 2004 and became the All-Russian Public Prize "The Russian National Olympus" winner.